新概念英语 | 第一册(Lesson 59)课文音频/教学视频/学习笔记

2020-11-20 17:09| 发布者: liyangedu| 查看: 23| 评论: 0

简介
课文/译文Lesson 59 Is that all? 就这些吗? LADY: I want some envelopes, please.SHOP ASSISTANT: Do you want the large size or the small size?LADY: The large size, please.LADY: Do you have any writing ...

课文/译文
Lesson 59 Is that all?
就这些吗?

LADY: I want some envelopes, please.
SHOP ASSISTANT: Do you want the large size or the small size?
LADY: The large size, please.
LADY: Do you have any writing paper?
SHOP ASSISTANT: Yes, we do.

SHOP ASSISTANT: I don't have any small pads. I only have largeone. Do you want a pad?
LADY: Yes, please.
LADY: And I want some glue.
SHOP ASSISTANT: A bottle of glue.

LADY: And I want a large box of chalk, too.
SHOP ASSISTANT: I only have small boxes. Do you want one?
LADY: No, thank you.
SHOP ASSISTANT: Is that all?
LADY: That's all, thank you.

SHOP ASSISTANT: What else do you want?
LADY: I want my change.

参考译文
女  士:请给我拿几个信封。
售货员:您要大号的还是小号的?
女  士:请拿大号的。
女  士:您有信纸吗?
售货员:有。

售货员:我没有小本的信纸,只有大本的。您要一本吗?
女  士:好,请拿一本。
女  士:我还要些胶水。
售货员:一瓶胶水。

女  士:我还要一大盒粉笔。
售货员:我只有小盒的。您要一盒吗?
女  士:不了,谢谢。
售货员:就要这些吗?
女  士:就这些,谢谢。

售货员:您还要什么吗?
女  士:我要找的零钱。








单词/短语
envelope ['envələup]  n.信封writing paper [‘raitiŋ -’peipə] 信纸shop assistant  [ə'sistənt]售货员size [saiz]  n. 尺寸,尺码,大小pad [pæd]  n. 信笺簿glue [glu:]  n. 胶水chalk [tʃɔ:k] n. 粉笔change [tʃeindʒ]  n. 零钱,找给的钱
词汇解析:                                      1.envelope ['envələup]n.信封red envelope 红包;压岁钱Please write down your name on the reverse side of the envelope. 请在信封的背面写下你的名字。envelop ['envələup] vt. 包围,包住;笼罩,遮盖 envelop sth/sb.  in sth. 包住 某人,某事物 mountains enveloped in clouds  隐没在云中的群山A baby is enveloped in a blanket.婴儿被毛毯包裹着。
2.writing paper  ['raitiŋ -'peipə]信纸 paper意为“纸”、“纸张”时是不可数名词,一张纸应是 a sheet of paper或 a piece of paper。类似的名词还有:glue (a bottle of glue一瓶胶水);ink (a bottle of ink一瓶墨水)。
3.shop assistant 售货员assistant [ə'sistənt]n. 1) 店员;售货员The assistant took the book and checked the price on the back cover. 店员拿起书,核对了一下封底的定价。She got a job tas a sales assistan selling handbags. 她得到了一份手提包售货员的工作。n.  2) 助手,助理Kalan called his assistant, Hans, to take over while he went out.考兰叫助理汉斯在自己外出时代理其职。The salesman had been accompanied to the meeting by an assistant. 营销人员在助手的陪同下参加了会议。assist  vt. 帮助;援助;     vi. 援助;出席assist in  帮助assist at  参加He asked us to assist him in carrying through their plan. 他要我们帮助他实施他们的计划。We'll assist at your wedding. 我们将出席你们的婚礼。
4.size  [saiz]   n.  大小,尺寸;规模(1)(衣服,鞋,帽等的)尺码,号: What size does she want? 她想要几号的?I tried them on and they were the right    size. 我试穿了一下,大小正合适。(2)size  [saiz] (尺寸,体积,规模,身材等的)大小;(数量)多少:There are houses of all sizes in that town.那个镇子上有着大大小小各式的房子。We have chosen some boys all of the same size.我们选出了一些个子一般高的男孩子。
5.pad [pæd] n.信笺簿i-pad 平板电脑She wrote on a pad of paper. 她写在了便笺簿上。Have a pad and pencil ready and jot down some of your thoughts.准备好铅笔和便笺簿,把你的一些想法记下来。
6.glue [glu:] (1) n. 胶水a tube of glue.一管胶水。(2)粘住,粘贴glue...to... 把...贴在...上He glues the picture to the wall.
7.chalk [tʃɔ:k] n.粉笔   a piece of chalk
8.change  n. 零钱,找给的钱 change  1) n.  零钱,找给的钱'There's your change.' — 'Thanks very much.' “您的找头。”——“多谢。”They told the shopkeeper to keep the change. 他们告诉店主不用找钱了。I have no change about me.我身边没有零钱。n.  2)变化,改变;交换,交替;There are going to have to be some drastic changes. 一定得进行重大变革It's no use praying for the weather to change. 祈祷天气转变是徒劳的。It is a complex system, but it certainly makes a change.这是个复杂的体系,不过确实有所改变。3)vt. 改变;交换  vi. 改变;兑换He changes letters with a foreign friend.他与一位外国朋友通信。She did not seem to have changed.她似乎没有变样。I changed my dollars into francs.我把我的美元换成了法郎。He wanted to change from Physics to Chemistry.他想从学物理转学化学。






课文解析
1.I don't have any small pads.don't=do not

2.A bottle of glue.a bottle of 一瓶...
3.That's all,thank you.that's all 就这些。
4.writing paper, 信纸。
paper意为"纸"、"纸张"时是不可数名词,一张纸应是 a sheet of paper或 a piece of paper。类似的名词还有:glue(a bottle of glue一瓶胶水);chalk(a box/piece of chalk一盒/枝粉笔);ink (a bottle of ink一瓶墨水)。

5.I only have small boxes.
boxes后省略了 of chalk。

6.Do you want one?
one代替 one small box of chalk。

7.What else do you want?
What else…? 可以看成是表示疑问的一个句式,意思是"还有什么……吗?"else常接在疑问代词、不定代词及疑问副词后面,表示"此外"、"别的"、"其他的"。又如:
Who else is from New York?
还有谁是从纽约来的?
When else shall we meet again?
什么其他的时间我们再见面?
What else did he say?
他还说了些什么?







语法要点
可数名词和不可数名词:1.writing paper, 信纸。 paper意为“纸”、“纸张”时是不可数名词,一张纸应是 a sheet of paper或 a piece of paper。类似的名词还有:glue (a bottle of glue一瓶胶水);ink (a bottle of ink一瓶墨水)普通名词包括可数名词和不可数名词两种。
(1)可数名词有个体名词(类名词)和集体名词(集合名词)两种。①个体类名词是指一类人或物的总称。例如: boy(男孩),    girl(女孩),    boat(船),     pen(钢笔).     bed(床).         orange(橘子)等. Is your classmate a boy or a girl?你的同学是男孩还是女孩? Do you prefer an apple or a pear?你喜欢苹果还是喜欢梨?②集体名词是一些人或物的总称。例如:    people(人们)                     police(警察)    team(队)                            group(组)    crew(全体船、机组人员)   the Chinese(中国人)    the English(英国人)           army(军队)    family(家庭)                       class(班级)【注意】集体名词作主语时,其后的谓语动词要用              复数形式,但有的情况需要注意试比较:Our family are good at swimming.我们家人都善长游泳.Our family is a happy 0ne.我们家是一个幸福的家庭。(2)不可数名词分物质名词和抽象名词两种:①物质名词指物质或一般无一定形状或大小的实物。例如:water(水)            milk(奶),bread(面包)      mest(肉)等.【注意】物质名词作主语时,其后面的谓语动词用单数形式。例如: There is some milk in the glass.   杯里有些牛奶。②抽象名词是动作、状态、性格,品质等抽象概念的名称。例如:music(音乐);                 work(工作);sadness(伤心);          kindness(善良)等.a. 抽象名词作主语时,其后的谓语动词用单数形式。例如:Music is of the greatest importance in her life.     音乐是她一生中最重要的东西。b. 有些抽象名词可以转化为类名词.例如,bus公共汽车;by bus乘公共汽车。是一种交通手段.bus起抽象名词的作用,而bus本身是类名词c. 物质名词和抽象名词都是不可分的,也无法用数目来计算都是不可数名词.其前面不能用不定冠词a或an来表示量,其后不能变复数形式。【注意】有些普通名词具有双重性,既可作可数名伺,又可作不可数名词,但词义上有区别。例如:glass玻璃(不可数)     a  glass玻璃杯(可数)iron铁(不可数)        an iron熨斗(可数)
一般现在时态:动词 have/has当主语是第三人称单数的时候用has,其它全部用have.(1)完全动词have的意思相当于"拥有"、"具有"其中否定式和疑问式各有两种:第一种情况:可以像be动词那样,自身发生变化I have a sister.
I haven't a sister.Have you a sister?
He has a sister.He hasn't a sister.Has he a sister?
第二种情况:可以像普通动词那样,借助一般现在时助动词do/does表示否定和疑问
I have a sister.
I don't have a sister.Do you have a sister?
He has a sister.
He doesn't have a sister.
Does he have a sister?(2)当have 表示行为动作,代替一些普通动词的时候,不可以在have/has后直接加not。而是借助一般现在时助动词do/does来表示否定和疑问。I have my lunch at twelve every day.
I don't have my lunch at twelve every day.Do you have your lunch at twelve every day?


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