【高考核心词】 idea — inform

2020-10-30 19:05| 发布者: liyangedu| 查看: 40| 评论: 0

简介
n. 主意,意见;打算,想法 拓展 have all idea认为,感到 have any idea知道,了解 have no idea不知道,不了解 以上各词组后可接of doing或that从句和wh-从句 形近词:ideal n. 理想;理想事物;a. 理想 ...
n. 主意,意见;打算,想法

拓展
have all idea认为,感到
have any idea知道,了解
have no idea不知道,不了解

以上各词组后可接of doing或that从句和wh-从句
形近词:ideal n. 理想;理想事物;a. 理想的

例句
You have no idea(of)how anxious we have been.
你不知道我们多么着急。

串记
I have no idea what his ideal job is.
我也不知道他的理想工作是什么。


v. 鉴定;识别,辨认出,认出;认明;把…看成一样

拓展
identify oneself with和……有联系,认同,
identify with对……同情,和……有同感
(=be identified with)
identify n. 身份,个性
identical a. 同一的;完全相同的  
be identical to /with与……完全相同;与…一致

例句
①Could you identify your umbrella among a hundred others?
你能在一百把伞中认出你自己的伞吗?
②They identify their interests with those of the nation.
他们把自己的利益与国家的利益看成是一致的。

串记
I didn't enjoy the book because I couldn't identify with any of the main characters. At the same time, these roles are similar, although not identical.
我不喜欢这本书,因为我无法与其中的任何主要角色产生共鸣。而且,这些角色是相似的,尽管不完全相同。


n. 忽视/略;不理会

拓展
ignore one's advice/mistakes 忽视某人的建议/过错
ignore traffic rules 忽视交通规则
ignorance n. 无知,愚昧;
ignorant a. 无知的;愚昧的
be ignorant of(about)对……不知道(不了解)

例句
①The boss of the company had ignored his friend's advice, which led to the failure of his business.
这家公司的老板忽视了朋友的建议,这导致了他生意的失败。
②You should not ignore your mistakes if you want to make greater progress.
如果想取得更大进步,你不应该忽视错误。
③It is dangerous to ignore traffic rules.
忽视交通规则是很危险的。

串记



It is only an ignorant man who ignores the questions posed by others.
无知的人才会忽视别人提出的问题。


vt. 想像,设想;料想,认为(同suppose)

拓展
(1)imagine (sb.) doing sth. 想象(某人)做某事
imagine+从句   想象……
imagine sb./sth. as/to be  把某人/物想象成……;认为某人/物是……
(2)imagination n. 想象力;创造力
beyond imagination   超乎想象,出乎意料
imaginative a. 富于想象的;有创造力的
imaginary a. 虚构的,假想的;想像的

例句
①She imagined walking into the office and telling everyone what she thought of them.
她想象自己走进办公室,对每个人都说出自己对他们的看法。
②I never knew my grandmother, but I always imagine her as/to be a kind and gentle person.
我从未见过我的祖母,但我总把她想象成一个善良温和的人。
③Sometimes, imagination is more important than knowledge during our studies.
有时候,在学习过程中想象力比知识更重要。

串讲
A good writer needs to be imaginative in writing. So sometimes what a writer has in mind is beyond imagination. Although the main characters in the novel are so true to life, they are imaginary.
一个好的作家需要有想象力的写作。因此,有时一个作家的想法是无法想象的。


vt. 给…深刻留下印象;使钦佩

拓展
(1)impress sb.with sth.某事给某人留下印象
impress sth.on/upon sb./one's memory 使某人铭记某事
be impressed with/at/by ...  对……有深刻印象
(2)impression n.  印象;印记
leave/have/make a(n) ...impression on sb.给某人留下……的印象
(3)impressive adj. 给人深刻印象的;感人的

例句
①The little boy impressed me with his big, bright eyes the first time I saw him.
第一次见到这个小男孩时,他明亮的大眼睛就给我留下了深刻的印象。
②The first time she visited Guilin, she was deeply impressed by/with/at the scenery there.
她第一次去桂林参观时,那里的景色给她留下了非常深刻的印象。
③My first impression of him was that he was a kind and thoughtful young man.
我对他的第一印象就是,他是一个善良且有思想的年轻人。
④The first ceremony when we went into college is an impressive one.
我们上大学的第一个仪式令人印象深刻。

串记
Readers were very impressed by the impressive story.
读者对这个感人的故事印象深刻。


vt. 包含/括;把…列入

拓展
including prep. 包括…在内
inclusion n. 包含; 内含物
inclusive a.包括……在内的,包含的
形近词:
conclude v. 结束,得出结论,推论
conclusion n. 结/推论;结局

例句
Our text-book includes eight stories, two short plays and two essays.
我们的课本包括8篇故事,2篇短剧和2篇杂文。

串记
You should include fruits and vegetables in your diet. Also, you’d better take part in sports, running included.
你应该在你的饮食里包括水果和蔬菜。此外,你最好参加运动,包括跑步。


/ɪn'kriːs/ v. & n. 增加/长(反decrease)

拓展
increase in 在…方面增长
increase with 随…增长
increase/decrease by 增长/减少了……
increase/decrease to  增加/减少到……
(2) on the increase /decrease/decline
正在增加/减少/衰退之中,不断增加/减少/衰退
increasingly ad. 渐增地

例句
①Our country has greatly increased in power and prestige.
我国的实力大大增强,国际威望也显著提高了。
②The housing price is hoped to decrease by 10% this year.
房价今年有望下降10%。
③My salary has been increased to one thousand yuan.
我的薪金增加到1000元。

串记
The rate of inflation increased by 10%. However, prices have been rising and unemployment has been rising. So, crime is on the increase.
通货膨胀率增长了10%,然而物价和失业率也在增长,因此,犯罪活动日益猖獗。


v. 指示/出;表明,显示;暗示,示意

拓展
indicate by 用…指示
indicate with one's eyes 用目光示意
indicator n. 指示器/剂/符
indication n. 指示,指出;迹象;象征

例句
He indicated to me that we could never be good friends again.
他向我暗示我们再也不可能成为好朋友了。

串记
There are clear indications that the economy is improving. At the same time, the economic indicators are better than expected.
有明显的迹象显示经济已开始好转,同时,经济指标比预期的好。


n.& v. 影响;有影响的人/物

拓展
(1)influence sb. to do sth.影响某人去做某事
have an influence on/upon ... 对……有影响
(2)under the influence of ...  在……的影响下
(3)influential adj.  有影响力的
be influential in (doing) sth.  对(做)某事颇有影响

例句
①Influenced by the growing interest in nature, more and more people enjoy outdoor sports.
受对大自然日益增长的兴趣的影响,越来越多的人喜欢户外运动。
② Most parents think that computer games have a bad influence on their children.
大部分家长认为电脑游戏对他们的孩子有不良影响。
③Under the influence of a high school biology teacher, he took up the study of medicine.
在一位中学生物老师的影响下,他从事了医学研究。

串记
Nike is one of the most influential brands all over the world. It has a far-reaching influence on our life.
耐克是世界上最具影响力的品牌之一。它对我们的生活有深远的影响。


vt. 告诉;通知

拓展
(1)inform sb. of/about sth. 通知某人某事
inform sb. that...通知某人……
(2)informed adj.消息灵通的;见多识广的
keep sb. informed of/about...随时通知某人……;使某人知道……
information n. 信息,资料;知识;情报
informative a. 教育性的,有教益的;情报的;见闻广博的

例句
①It was considerate of Michael to inform us of/about his delay in case we got worried.
以防我们担心,迈克尔很体贴地告诉我们他耽误了这件事。
②We regret to inform you that your application has been rejected.
我们很遗憾地通知你,你的申请未被接受。

串记
Good information is essential if people are to make informed choices about services.

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