【高考核心词】injure — invent

2020-10-30 19:02| 发布者: liyangedu| 查看: 46| 评论: 0

简介
v. 使受伤,伤害拓展(1)injury n.伤害,伤口do sb./oneself an injury= do an injury to sb./oneself使某人/自己受伤害(2)injured adj.受伤的get injured受伤的the injured 伤员 例句①But now, because my left ...
v. 使受伤,伤害拓展

(1)injury n.伤害,伤口

do sb./oneself an injury

= do an injury to sb./oneself  使某人/自己受伤害

(2)injured adj.  受伤的

get injured  受伤的

the injured 伤员


例句

①But now, because my left foot was injured in the football game, I cannot go with you as planned.

但现在,由于我的左脚在足球比赛中受伤了,我不能像计划的那样和你一起去。

②There's no denying that the attack has done a severe injury to his reputation.

不可否认,这次攻击对他的名誉造成了严重的损害。

③When we were on the spot of the accident, we were told that the injured had been sent to the nearest hospital.

当我们赶到事故现场时,我们被告知伤员已经被送往最近的医院。


辨析

Two players are out of the team because of injury. Luckily, Tom isn'tinjured.

两名队员因伤退出了比赛。幸运的是,汤姆没受伤。

vi. 坚持;坚决认为/要
拓展

insist on/upon (doing) sth. 坚持要求(做)某事
insist (that) … (should) do sth. 坚持要求(做)某事
insist (that) 从句 坚持说/认为


例句

①The doctor insisted that she was seriously ill and that she (should) be operated on immediately.

医生坚持说她病得很重,应该立即动手术。

②I insist on taking proper food for the expedition.

我坚决要求为这次探险携带合适的食物。


串记

The team insisted upon being given every detail of the case. However, the guide insisted (that) he was innocent.

这个团队坚持要求说明事情的整个来龙去脉,但是,这个导游坚持说他是无辜的。



vt. 鼓舞,激励;启发,给…灵

拓展

(1)inspire sb. to do sth.激励某人做某事

inspire sb. with sth. = inspire sth. in sb.激起某人的……

(2)inspired adj. 激动人心的;卓越的

inspiring adj. 鼓舞人心的;给人启发的

inspiration n. 灵感,启发;鼓舞


例句

①His encouraging remarks inspired confidence in me.=His encouraging remarks inspired me with confidence.

他鼓励的话语激起了我的信心。

②His speech was inspiring and touched everyone's heart, which inspired all the people present to work  still harder later.

他的演讲令人鼓舞,打动人心,鼓舞了在场的每个人今后更努力地工作。


串记


He draws inspiration from the inspiring work.

他从这件鼓舞人心的作品中得到灵感。


vt. 指示,命令;教授,指

拓展

instruct sb. to do sth.命令某人做某事

instruct sb. in sth. 教授某人某方面的知识

(1) instruction n. 指/命令;指示;教导  

operation instructions使用说明书

give(receive)instruction in教授……(接受……指导)

instructive a. 有益的;教育性的

instructor n. 指导书;教员;指导者


例句

①But with my English teacher's patient instruction and help, I kept on learning, memorizing, reciting, practising, and correcting.

但是在我的英语老师耐心的指导和帮助下,我不断地学习、记忆、背诵、练习、改正。

②The letter instructed him to report to the general manager at once.

那封信指示他立即向总经理报告。

③It is the most instructive lecture that I have attended since I came to this school.

这是自从我来到这所学校,我参加过的最有教育意义的讲座。


串记

When destructive floods brought destruction to the constructions of the area, follow the instructions provided by the instructive book.  
当毁灭性的洪水给这个地区的建筑物带来了破坏时,按照这本有教育意义的书的说明去做。

vt. 想要,打

拓展

(1)intend doing/to do sth打算做某事
intend sb. to do sth.  打算让某人做某事
本来打算做……(事实上没做成)
intend that ... (should) do sth.打算……;主张……
be intended for ...  为……打算(或设计)的
(2)intention n.  意图,目的,打算
with an/the intention of  抱有……的目的;打算……


例句

①He has made up his mind to intend his son to manage the company.

他决心让他的儿子管理公司。

②We had intended to arrive at our destination at 9 o'clock, but we didn't because of the traffic jam.

我们本来打算在9点钟到达目的地,但是由于交通堵塞我们晚点了。

③The local government has already collected three million dollars, intended for the environment improvement.

当地政府已经筹集了300万美元,打算用于改善环境。


串记

Her intention was to write an inspiring work, so she intended to collect material.

她的意图是写一部鼓舞人心的作品,所以她打算收集资料。



n. 兴趣;利息;(复)利益;vt. 使…感兴

拓展

(1) develop one's interest in  培养某人某方面的兴趣

have/show/take (an) interest in 对……感兴趣

have no(little)interest for 对……没有(什么)吸引力

have interest with 对……产生影响

in the interest of  为/符合……的利益(作表语)

lose interest in 对……失去兴趣

with interest  有兴趣地;津津有味地

places of interest 名胜

(2)interesting adj. 引起兴趣的,有趣的

interested adj. 感兴趣的

be interested in (doing) sth.对(做……事)感兴趣

be interested to do sth.有兴趣(做……事)


例句

①The purpose of this new programme is to develop our interest in English learning and practical abilities in listening and speaking.

这新课程的目的是培养我们在英语学习和听说实践能力方面的兴趣。

②Since you are interested in traditional Chinese cultures, I think this festival is well worth experiencing.

既然你对中国的传统文化感兴趣,我认为这个节日非常值得体验。

③The government should avoid doing anything that is not in the interest of the public.

政府应该避免做不符合公众利益的任何事情。


串记

This is really an interesting story, I am very interested in it. What interestsme most is its conclusion.

这真是一个有趣的故事,我对它很感兴趣。我最感兴趣的是它的结局。


a. 聪明的,有才的

辨析

bright侧重指小孩或年轻人思路敏捷;

clever更强调头脑灵活,也可指有些小聪明;

wise指因阅历丰富而明智且智慧的;

brilliant指才华横溢,聪颖的;

gifted 主要指儿童天赋高的,天资聪慧的;

intelligent指智慧超群的,侧重智力的外在表现;

smart着重指反应敏捷,思路活跃。


例句

Susan's a very bright and intelligent woman who knows her own mind.

苏珊是一个非常聪明伶俐而且清楚自己想法的女人。


串记

She's a woman of exceptional intelligence who can always solve mysteries of intellectual novel in advance.

她是个格外聪明的女人,她总是能提前解开推理小说的谜题。



n. & v. 采访;面试;会见

拓展

give an interview(to sb.) 接见(某人),接受(某人)采访

have(hold) an interview with sb.与某人面谈,采访某人

a job interview 求职面试

at interview 在…会见时

in the interview 在采访中

interview sb about sth 就某事采访某人

interview by 通过…进行采访

interviewee n. 被接见者;被访问者  

interviewer n. 接见者;访问者


例句

The interview was published in all the papers.
各家报纸都刊载了这次访谈。

串记
She indeed attended a job interview. They gave her an interview, but decided not to offer her the job.
他的确参加了工作面试。他们对她进行了面试,但决定不把这份工作给她。

vt. 介绍;引进,传入;推行,采用(同bring in)

拓展

introduce into 引进; 插入

introduce to 把…介绍给; 使…了解

introduction n. 介绍;引进;采用


例句

①Modern scientific inventions have introduced many new words into the language.

现代的科学发明给语言引进了许多新词。

②He introduced me to a Greek girl at the party.
他在聚会上介绍我认识了一位希腊姑娘。

串记

His self-introduction is very interesting, so I'd like to introduce him to my friends.

他的自我介绍很有趣,因此我想把他介绍给我的朋友。


vt. 发明,创造;编造(同make up)

拓展

inventor n. 发明家/者

invention n. 发明;发明物


例句

Who invented the steam engine?
谁发明了蒸汽机?

串记

The intelligent interviewer is a great inventor, whose inventions are influential.

聪明的面试官是一个伟大的发明家,他的发明很有影响力。


辨析

invent/discover

invent 发明,创造(本没有的东西);

discover 发现(本来存在的东西)。


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