初中英语不规则动词表,期中考前必须全背会,太重要!

2020-10-30 15:46| 发布者: liyangedu| 查看: 40| 评论: 0

简介
动词不规则变化是初中英语非常基础的知识内容,非常重要。它涉及的的语法点包括时态、语态、非谓语动词等,是我们写对英语句子的根基,也是历次大小考必考知识点。 1 AAA型(原形→原形→原形) 原形过去式过去分 ...
动词不规则变化是初中英语非常基础的知识内容,非常重要。它涉及的的语法点包括时态、语态、非谓语动词等,是我们写对英语句子的根基,也是历次大小考必考知识点。

1
AAA型(原形→原形→原形)

原形
过去式
过去分词
汉语意思
read
read
read
cut
cut
cut
切,割
let
let
let
put
put
put
cost
cost
cost
花费,值
hit
hit
hit
撞,击
set
set
set
安排,安置
hurt
hurt
hurt
使…伤痛
bet
bet
bet
赌博,打赌
cast
cast
cast

2
ABA型(原形→过去式→原形)

原形
过去式
过去分词
汉语意思
become
became
become
成为
come
came
come
run
ran
run
throw
threw
thrown

3
ABC型

1. ow →ew →own

原形
过去式
过去分词
汉语意思
blow
blew
blown
draw
drew
drawn
grow
grew
grown
生长
know
knew
known  
知道

2. i→a →u

原形
过去式
过去分词
汉语意思
begin
began
begun
开始
drink
drank
drunk
sing
sang
sung
swim
swam
swum
游泳
ring
rang
rung
打电话

3. 原形→过去式→过去式+(e)n

原形
过去式
过去分词
汉语意思
wear
wore
worn
穿
forget
forgot
forgotten
忘记
speak
spoke
spoken
freeze
froze
frozen
choose
chose
chosen
选择
drive
drove
driven
驾驶
mistake
mistook
mistaken
误解
rise
rose
risen
上升
shake
shook
shaken

4. 原形→过去式→原形+(e)n

原形
过去式
过去分词
汉语意思
eat
ate
eaten
forbid
forbade
forbidden
禁止
give
gave
given
ride
rode
ridden
see
saw
seen
看见
write
wrote
written
fall
fell
fallen
落下
break
broke
broken
打破,折断
forgive
forgave
forgiven
原谅;宽恕

5. 无规律

原形
过去式
过去分词
汉语意思
am/is
was
been
are
were
been
do
did
done
go
went
gone
take
took
taken

4
ABB型

1. 原形→ought →ought

原形
过去式
过去分词
汉语意思
bring
brought
brought
带来
buy
bought
bought
fight
fought
fought
打架
think
thought
thought
思考
seek
sought
sought
寻求

2. 原形→aught →aught

原形
过去式
过去分词
汉语意思
catch
caught
caught
捉,抓
teach
taught
taught

3. 变其中一个元音字母

原形
过去式
过去分词
汉语意思
feed
fed
fed
meet
met
met
遇见
get
got
got
得到
hold
held
held
拥有
babysit
babysat
babysat
临时照看
sit
sat
sat
win
won
won
find
found
found
发现
bend
bent
bent
使弯曲
dig
dug
dug
lead
led
led
引导
sell
sold
sold

4. 原形→□t→□t

原形
过去式
过去分词
汉语意思
feel
felt
felt
感到
keep
kept
kept
保持
leave
left
left
离开
sleep
slept
slept
sweep
swept
swept
smell
smelt
smelt
闻;发出气味
retell
retold
retold
复述

5. 变其中一个辅音字母

原形
过去式
过去分词
汉语意思
build
built
built
建造
hear
heard
heard
听见
make
made
made
制造
mean
meant
meant
意思
send
sent
sent
送,寄
spend
spent
spent
花费
deal
dealt
dealt
处理
rebuild
rebuilt
rebuilt
重建
lend
lent
lent
借贷

6.辅音字母和元音字母都变

原形
过去式
过去分词
汉语意思
have
had
had
有,吃
lay
laid
laid
放置,产卵
lose
lost
lost
丢失
pay
paid
paid
付钱
say
said
said
sell
sold
sold
tell
told
told
告诉
stand
stood
stood
misunderstand
misunderstood
misunderstood
误解
shoot
shot
shot
放炮;开枪
understand
understood
understood
理解

5
AAB型

原形
过去式
过去分词
汉语意思
beat
beat
beaten
打败

6
有两种形式

原形
过去式
过去分词
汉语意思
bear
bore
born
bore
borne
hang
hanged
hanged
吊死
hung
hung
learn
learned
learned
learnt
learnt
lie
lied
lied
说谎
lay
lain
show
showed
showed
给……看
showed
shown
spell
spelled
spelled
拼写
spelt
spelt
burn
burned
burned
burnt
burnt
smell
smelled
smelled
smelt
smelt
shine
shined
shined
照耀
shone
shone
dream
dreamed
dreamed
做梦
dreamt
dreamt
wake
waked
waked
woke
woken
hide
hid
hid
躲藏
hid
hidden
bite
bit
bit
bit
bitten
light
lighted
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