易混易错英语词汇辨析100组!你必须要记住!​

2020-7-19 09:25| 发布者: liyangedu| 查看: 63| 评论: 0

简介
1. clothes, cloth, clothingclothes统指各种衣服,谓语动词永远是复数, cloth指布,为不可数名词 clothing 服装的总称,指一件衣服用a piece of, an article of2. amount, numberamount后接不可数名词, number后 ...
1. clothes, cloth, clothing 

clothes统指各种衣服,谓语动词永远是复数, cloth指布,为不可数名词 clothing 服装的总称,指一件衣服用a piece of, an article of 

2. amount, number 

amount后接不可数名词, number后接可数名词   a number of students 

3. sound, voice, noise 

sound自然界各种各样的声音,voice人的嗓音,noise噪音I hate the loud noise outside. 

4. cause, reason 

cause 指造成某一事实或现象的直接原因,后接of sth./doing sth,reason用来解释某种现象或结果的理由,后接for sth./doing sth. the reason for being late 

5. exercise, exercises, practice 

exercise运动,锻炼(不可数),exercises练习(可数),practice(反复做的)练习 Practice makes perfect. 

6. officer, official 

officer部队的军官,official政府官员 an army officer 

7. work, job 

二者均指工作。work不可数,job可数 a good job

8. cook, cooker 

cook厨师,cooker厨具 He is a good cook. 

9. problem, question 

problem常和困难连系,前面的动词常为think about, solve, raise,question常和疑问连系,多和ask, answer连用 

10. a number of, the number of 

a number of许多,谓语动词用复数。the number of…的数目,谓语动词用单数。The number of students is increasing.

11. chick, chicken 

二者均可指小鸡,chicken还可以当鸡肉 The chicken is delicious. 

12. trip, journey, travel, voyage 

travel是最常用的,trip指短期的旅途,journey指稍长的旅途,voyage指海上航行 a three-day trip 

13. in front of, in the front of 

in front of范围外的前面,in the front of范围内的前面 In the front of the room sits a boy. 

14. three of us, the three of us 

three of us我们(不止三个)中的三个,the three of us我们三个(就三个人)The three of us---Tom, Jack and I went to the cinema. 

15. by bus, on the bus 

by bus表手段,方式,不用冠词,on the bus表范围 They went there by bus. 

16. for a moment, for the moment 

for a moment 片刻,一会儿,for the moment暂时,一时 Thinking for a moment, he agreed. 

17. in a word, in words 

in a word总之,一句话, in words口头上 In a word, you are right. 

18. in place of, in the place of 

in place of代替,in the place of在…地方 A new building is built in the place of the old one. 

19. go to sea, by sea, by the sea 

go to sea当海员,出航,by sea乘船,由海路, by the sea在海边 go by sea 

20. the doctor and teacher, the doctor and the teacher 

the doctor and teacher指一个人,既是医生又是老师,the doctor and the teacher两个人,一个医生和一个老师 the doctor and teacher is 

21. in office, in the office 

in office在职的,in the office在办公室里 He is in office, not out of office. 

22. in charge of, in the charge of 

in charge of管理,负责照料, in the charge of由……照料 He is in charge of the matter. The matter is in the charge of her. 

23. out of question, out of the question 

out of question毫无疑问的,out of the question不可能的 

24. a second, the second 

a second又一,再一,the second第…… He won the second prize. 

25. by day, by the day 

by day白天,by the day按天计算 The workers are paid by the day. 

26. it, one 

it同一物体,one同类不同一 I lost my pen. I have to buy a new one. 

27. none, nothing, no one 

none强调有多少,nothing, no one强调有没有,nothing指物,no one指人 --- How many…/How much…? --- None. 

28. other, another 

other后接名词复数,another后接名词单数 other students, another student 

29. not a little, not a bit 

not a little非常,not a bit一点也不 I m not a bit tired. 我一点儿也不累。 

30. many, much, a lot of 

many和可数名词连用,much和不可数名词连用,a lot of可数,不可数均可,但不用于否定句 I haven t many books. 

31. no, not 

no=not a/any no friend=not a/any friend no water=not any water 

32. no more than, not more than 

no more than相当于only,仅仅,只有,not more than 至多,不超过 

33. tall, high 

tall常指人或动物,high常指物体 He is tall. 

34. fast, quickly 

fast侧重于指人或物体具有运动速度快的特点,quickly侧重指某事完成或发生的快 run fast, answer the question quickly 

35. high, highly 
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